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Syrupy is a pytest snapshot plugin. It enables developers to write tests which assert immutability of computed results.


The most popular snapshot test plugin compatible with pytest has some core limitations which this package attempts to address by upholding some key values:


python -m pip install syrupy

Migration from snapshottest

You cannot use syrupy alongside snapshottest due to argument conflicts. To ease migration, we’ve made syrupy aware of snapshottest call syntax. Simply uninstall snapshottest and remove old snapshots:

pip uninstall snapshottest -y;
find . -type d ! -path '*/\.*' -name 'snapshots' | xargs rm -r


Basic Usage

In a pytest test file

def test_foo(snapshot):
    actual = "Some computed value!"
    assert actual == snapshot

when you run pytest, the above test should fail due to a missing snapshot. Re-run pytest with the update snapshots flag like so:

pytest --snapshot-update

A snapshot file should be generated under a __snapshots__ directory in the same directory as The __snapshots__ directory and all its children should be committed along with your test code.

Usage Demo

Custom Objects

The default serializer supports all python built-in types and provides a sensible default for custom objects.


If you need to customise your object snapshot, it is as easy as overriding the default __repr__ implementation.

def __repr__(self) -> str:
    return "MyCustomClass(...)"


If you want to limit what properties are serialized at a class type level you could either:

A. Provide a filter function to the snapshot exclude configuration option.

def limit_foo_attrs(prop, path):
  allowed_foo_attrs = {"only", "serialize", "these", "attrs"}
  return isinstance(path[-1][1], Foo) and prop in allowed_foo_attrs

def test_bar(snapshot):
    actual = Foo(...)
    assert actual == snapshot(exclude=limit_foo_attrs)

B. Or override the __dir__ implementation to control the attribute list.

class Foo:
  def __dir__(self):
    return ["only", "serialize", "these", "attrs"]

def test_bar(snapshot):
    actual = Foo(...)
    assert actual == snapshot

Both options will generate equivalent snapshots but the latter is only viable when you have control over the class implementation and do not need to share the exclusion logic with other objects.

CLI Options

These are the cli options exposed to pytest by the plugin.

Option Description Default
--snapshot-update Snapshots will be updated to match assertions and unused snapshots will be deleted. False
--snapshot-details Includes details of unused snapshots (test name and snapshot location) in the final report. False
--snapshot-warn-unused Prints a warning on unused snapshots rather than fail the test suite. False
--snapshot-default-extension Use to change the default snapshot extension class. AmberSnapshotExtension
--snapshot-no-colors Disable test results output highlighting. Equivalent to setting the environment variables ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED or NO_COLOR Disabled by default if not in terminal.

Assertion Options

These are the options available on the snapshot assertion fixture. Use of these options are one shot and do not persist across assertions. For more persistent options see advanced usage.


This allows you to match on a property path and value to control how specific object shapes are serialized.

The matcher is a function that takes two keyword arguments. It should return the replacement value to be serialized or the original unmutated value.

Argument Description
data Current serializable value being matched on
path Ordered path traversed to the current value e.g. (("a", dict), ("b", dict)) from { "a": { "b": { "c": 1 } } }}

NOTE: Do not mutate the value received as it could cause unintended side effects.

Built-In Matchers

Syrupy comes with built-in helpers that can be used to make easy work of using property matchers.

path_type(mapping=None, *, types=(), strict=True, regex=False)

Easy way to build a matcher that uses the path and value type to replace serialized data. When strict, this will raise a ValueError if the types specified are not matched.

Argument Description
mapping Dict of path string to tuples of class types, including primitives e.g. (MyClass, UUID, datetime, int, str)
types Tuple of class types used if none of the path strings from the mapping are matched
strict If a path is matched but the value at the path does not match one of the class types in the tuple then a PathTypeError is raised
regex If true, the mapping key is treated as a regular expression when matching paths
from syrupy.matchers import path_type

def test_bar(snapshot):
    actual = {
      "value": "Some computed value!!",
    assert actual == snapshot(matcher=path_type({
      "date_created": (datetime,),
      "": (int,),
# name: test_bar
    'date_created': datetime,
    'value': 'Some computed value!!',
# ---


This allows you to filter out object properties from the serialized snapshot.

The exclude parameter takes a filter function that accepts two keyword arguments. It should return true or false if the property should be excluded or included respectively.

Argument Description
prop Current property on the object, could be any hashable value that can be used to retrieve a value e.g. 1, "prop_str", SomeHashableObject
path Ordered path traversed to the current value e.g. (("a", dict), ("b", dict)) from { "a": { "b": { "c": 1 } } }}
Built-In Filters

Syrupy comes with built-in helpers that can be used to make easy work of using the filter options.

props(prop_name, *prop_name)

Easy way to build a filter that excludes based on string based property names.

Takes an argument list of property names, with support for indexed iterables.

from syrupy.filters import props

def test_bar(snapshot):
    actual = {
      "id": uuid.uuid4(),
      "list": [1,2,3],
    assert actual == snapshot(exclude=props("id", "1"))
# name: test_bar
    'list': list([
# ---
paths(path_string, *path_strings)

Easy way to build a filter that uses full path strings delimited with ..

Takes an argument list of path strings.

from syrupy.filters import paths

def test_bar(snapshot):
    actual = {
      "list": [1,2,3],
    assert actual == snapshot(exclude=paths("date", "list.1"))
# name: test_bar
    'list': list([
# ---


This is a way to modify how the snapshot matches and serializes your data in a single assertion.

def test_foo(snapshot):
    actual_svg = "<svg></svg>"
    assert actual_svg == snapshot(extension_class=SVGImageSnapshotExtension)


This is an option to snapshot only the diff between the actual object and a previous snapshot, with the diff argument being the previous snapshot index/name.

def test_diff(snapshot):
    actual0 = [1,2,3,4]
    actual1 = [0,1,3,4]

    assert actual0 == snapshot
    assert actual1 == snapshot(diff=0)
    # This is equivalent to the lines above
    # Must use the index name to diff when given
    assert actual0 == snapshot(name='snap_name')
    assert actual1 == snapshot(diff='snap_name')
Built-In Extensions

Syrupy comes with a few built-in preset configurations for you to choose from. You should also feel free to extend the AbstractSyrupyExtension if your project has a need not captured by one our built-ins.


By default, if you make multiple snapshot assertions within a single test case, an auto-increment identifier will be used to index the snapshots. You can override this behaviour by specifying a custom snapshot name to use in place of the auto-increment number.

def test_case(snapshot):
    assert "actual" == snapshot(name="case_a")
    assert "other" == snapshot(name="case_b")

Warning: If you use a custom name, you must make sure the name is not re-used within a test case.

Advanced Usage

By overriding the provided AbstractSnapshotExtension you can implement varied custom behaviours.

See examples of how syrupy can be used and extended in the test examples.


This extension can be useful when testing API responses, or when you have to deal with long dictionaries that are cumbersome to validate inside a test. For example:

import pytest

from syrupy.extensions.json import JSONSnapshotExtension

def snapshot_json(snapshot):
    return snapshot.use_extension(JSONSnapshotExtension)

def test_api_call(client, snapshot_json):
    resp ="/endpoint")
    assert resp.status_code == 200
    assert snapshot_json == resp.json()

API responses often contain dynamic data, like IDs or dates. You can still validate and store other data of a response by leveraging syrupy matchers. For example:

from datetime import datetime

from syrupy.matchers import path_type

def test_api_call(client, snapshot_json):
    resp ="/user", json={"name": "Jane"})
    assert resp.status_code == 201

    matcher = path_type({
      "id": (int,),
      "registeredAt": (datetime,)
    assert snapshot_json(matcher=matcher) == resp.json()

The generated snapshot:

  "id": "<class 'int'>",
  "registeredAt": "<class 'datetime'>",
  "name": "Jane"

Extending Syrupy


pip uninstall syrupy

If you have decided not to use Syrupy for your project after giving us a try, we’d love to get your feedback. Please create a GitHub issue if applicable, or drop a comment in our Discord server.


Feel free to open a PR or GitHub issue. Contributions welcome!

To develop locally, clone this repository and run . script/bootstrap to install test dependencies. You can then use invoke --list to see available commands.

See contributing guide



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Syrupy is licensed under Apache License Version 2.0.